WEB design and its features

Web design encompasses a large number of different skills and disciplines used in the web site design process. Different areas of web design include web and graphic design, ie user interface design, copyright, standardized code and related software for web content design, UX design and SEO optimization.

Often a number of individual web designers work in teams covering various aspects of the design process, although some designers can do the entire design process themselves. The term web design is commonly used to describe the design process related to the client – front end part and web site design, including code writing, or coding, which is very important in web designing. Web designers are expected to meet the required layout and functionality of a website, and their role includes writing code, so they need to keep up with web development standards.

Web Design History

The Internet first appeared in 1969 as a means of sharing information through computers. Its beginnings are strictly for use in the US military. It was only later that the Internet first expanded to US universities, then expanded to private computers after the advent of email in 1972, and then with the development of HTML as the primary programming language in 1980.

The ultimate “boom” of the Internet came in 1993, when CERN scientists developed the most famous information service on the Internet called the World Wide Web (WWW). WWW, which is often misused as a synonym for the Internet, is a collection of software and protocols and is the first browser or web browser.

Web design by itself does not have a particularly long history because it did not exist as a term until the early 1990s, but it is rooted in other areas such as graphic design. Until 1995, with the advent of JavaScript, web design was quite limited and was only limited to symbols and later tables. With the advent of JavaSript, and especially Flash in 1996 and CSS 1998, web designers were given the freedom and opportunity to share their creativity with the world.

Today it is almost impossible to imagine the internet without pictures, animation, music, different typography, etc. That is why a quality presentation of content is extremely important for a successful website, which is also the basis of web design. The advent of smartphones has further expanded the reach of web design, and responsive web design has become an indispensable element of any quality website.

What you need to know about web design

As stated before, web design involves knowing a variety of skills. The basic thing that every web designer must know is markup languages ​​such as HTML, XHTML and XML. In addition, it is essential to know a styling language such as CSS. This is the basis for web designers, while knowing JavaScript is a big plus.

Elements, areas of web design include: web and graphic design, user interface design, authoring, including standard code and SEO optimization for web browsers and browsers. Here are just a few of the ones mentioned above:

  • markup languages ​​(such as HTML, XHTML, and XML);
  • styling languages, eng. style sheet (such as CSS and XSL);
  • client side scripting, eng. client-side scripting (such as JavaScript and VBScript);
  • server side scripting, eng. server-side scripting (such as PHP and ASP);
  • databases – technologies (such as MySQL, MSSQL);
  • multimedia technologies (such as Flash and Silverlight);
  • web strategy and marketing;
  • SEO optimization;
  • and much more …

Five key elements of web design

There are many important elements to good web design, but some are of course more important than others. These five elements stand out as the most important:

  • Element layout – Graphics, content and banner layout are the basis of web design. The most important thing is to create a schedule that will allow visitors to find the information they are interested in quickly and easily.
  • Colors – The choice of colors depends on the purpose of the website as well as the visitors to whom the site is intended. Whether it is a simple black and white design or a design that includes many different colors, the essence is to present the company and its brand in the right way.
  • Graphics – Graphics include various elements such as logo, images, animations, icons, etc. All these elements serve to enhance the site’s appearance as well as its functionality. Therefore, it is important that these elements blend in with other elements of the website, primarily with colors and content.
  • Fonts – Another element of web design that can enhance the appearance of your site is the use of different fonts. However, it should be borne in mind that most web browsers only recognize certain fonts, so-called. “Secure web fonts”. Because of this, web designers generally only work with this group of generally accepted fonts.
  • Content – Although content itself is not strictly a web design element, the way content fits in with other elements can certainly be subsumed under web design. The content itself must always be relevant, informative and useful to visitors, but it must also fit with other elements into one clear and visually appealing whole. Also, the way content is placed as part of the design, as well as the content itself are very important for SEO optimization of each site.


Web design is the first thing you need whether you are designing a website, creating a web application, a mobile application. Quality web design involves knowing many skills, and it is virtually impossible for someone without years of experience and learning to be good at web design. Also, things in web design are constantly changing and it is necessary to always keep up with the times and keep up with all the modern trends and changes.

Our team of lecturers at I-Online-school will help you to step into the world of web design in a simple and practical way and to take the first steps there. Our front-end development course will easily introduce you to the “magic world” of colors, graphics, fonts, multimedia, and other elements of web design, thus encouraging you to create your first content on the web yourself.